How To Stop Your Cat From Over-Grooming
Spread the love

Sometimes cats overgroom to the point of damaging their skin but don’t worry; here’s a comprehensive guide on how to stop your cat from over-grooming.

 

Most pet parents choose cats over dogs because cats are known to be self-cleaning creatures. And to be fair, this common conception is true since most cats spend as much as 50% of the time they are awake grooming themselves or a fellow cat. As a result, cats are typically clean animals, though in some cases, grooming can become a form of obsession.

A cat licking her pet parent

 

Some cats groom to the point where skin wounds and hair tends to shed. If it reached that point, your cat might be suffering from an underlying medical or psychological issue. While a cat’s excessive grooming is not life-threatening, it is essential to seek your veterinarian as the symptoms can cause your cat’s discomfort.

 

In this article, we will be discussing why cats lick themselves and how we can tell if they are already over-grooming themselves. 

 

Why Do Cats Lick Themselves?

Self-grooming is a well-known characteristic of cats that begins even when they are still kittens. It is exhibited when mothers lick their kittens to clean them, motivate the suckling, give comfort, and strengthen the bond. 

 

When kittens reach four weeks of age, they begin grooming themselves. In their 5th week, they will begin to groom their mother and littermates to socialize. This self-grooming and mutual grooming, known as allogrooming, will continue into adulthood. 

A kitten grooming her mother

 

Wild cats that live in groups exhibit allogrooming behavior, where they form a group and rub, lick, and gently bite each other. They are seen most often interacting in this way with their closest members, often siblings and parents. Through these intimate grooming moments, relationships are solidified, and possible tensions are lessened. 

 

Here are the reasons why cats love to groom themselves and why grooming is essential for a cat’s routine.

 

1. To Clean Themselves

It is natural for cats to remove dust, plant material, and other dirt off their body. Unlike dogs, who need regular baths, cats are better off cleaning themselves, and there has been a study on how cats groom themselves. 

A stray cat grooming itself

 

Cats have a special tongue made up of a unique kind of barb-like surface that helps keep them clean. Their tongue’s surface can wick saliva deep into their fur, and at the same time, allows hairs to be easily removed from the tongue. Think of it as a built-in comb on their tongue.

A cat cleaning her paws

 

2. To Cleanse Wound and Injuries

Cats often lick the wounded or injured areas to cleanse them and prevent infection. Cat saliva contains enzymes that have natural healing and antibiotic properties. 

Cleaning the paws

 

3. To Hide Their Scent From “Predators”

A cat’s sense of smell is fourteen times more sensitive than that of humans, and they use their heightened sense of smell to locate prey. A wild cat will try to hide her kittens by removing the evidence of their feeding. 

 

Since domesticated house cats still have the instinct to think that they can become prey to bigger animals, they want to remove all smells that make predators smell them, such as residue of food from their fur.

 

4. To Lubricate the Coat and Skin

When cats groom themselves using their textured tongues, it stimulates the sebaceous glands at the base of their hairs and spreads the released sebum throughout the strands. This sebum will then coat their fur and protect it from water, sunlight, and other environmental elements.

A cat in the yard cleaning herself

 

5. To Form Bonding

It is a heartwarming experience to see a cat grooming another cat. When cats start an allogrooming session, they begin a process of exchange of scents that will make them familiarized with each other. Additionally, by grooming each other, they can reach certain areas that are hard to get done by grooming alone.

Cats licking each other

 

6. To Cool Down

Although cats have a few sweat glands in their paws, they don’t sweat like humans when it’s hot. Cats can cool themselves down when the weather is too hot, by damping their coat with their saliva.

 

7. To Relax

You may have witnessed your cat grooming herself after an embarrassing situation, such as falling from your couch. Cats get embarrassed too, and they exhibit a certain behavior called displacement behavior, which helps decrease the anxiety caused by embarrassment. 

A cat relaxing

 

Displacement behavior is a cat’s out-of-context response to anxiety. Grooming is one of the manifested displacement behavior, and in essence, they are trying to self-medicate through licking during stressful situations. It is similar to humans who bite their nails when anxious.

 

However, if a cat is continuously stressed, she could resort to over-grooming to feel better. A cat excessively grooming can bring negative effects to their health, and for the following section, we will be tackling the effects of over-grooming and how we can avoid it as pet parents. 

 

Understanding Cat’s Over-Grooming

As mentioned earlier, most cats spend 50% of their day grooming themselves. But if you start to notice excessive grooming, hair loss, or skin abrasions, it may be time for a visit to your veterinarian.

 

The reasons a cat overgrooms can be medical, behavioral, or psychological. It can be complicated to determine which of these causes your cat to lick excessively, so read on below and see if you can determine the reasons; if not, it is better to discuss this problem with your veterinarian. A cat being observed by a vet

 

Your veterinarian will go over your cat’s history to better figure out what is causing the problem. After the cause has been identified, treatment can be initiated. 

 

What are the Signs of Over-Grooming?

The most dominant signs to watch out for if you suspect your cat over-grooming are hair loss and skin irritation. The usually affected areas are the abdomen, legs, and chest since these are the most easily reached areas. Also, watch out for these signs:

 

  • Grooming that interrupts your cat’s other activities
  • Over the top scratching
  • Redness, rashes, or scabs on bald areas
  • Irritability and discomfort when scratching

 

What are the Causes of Over-Grooming?

To better handle your cat’s over-grooming habits, it is vital to understand what causes excessive licking in the first place. Your veterinarian can then address the underlying issues that can be associated with the cause.

 

Here are the most prevalent health conditions that can lead to uncontrolled self-grooming.

 

1. Allergy or Infection

An infestation of fleas is the most common reason cats over-groom. Irritated skin can be caused by an infection, an allergy, parasites, or substances in the environment that has stuck in it. Your cat’s fur loss may even give you a hint at the source of the problem.A cat in the wild grooming her legs

 

To correctly diagnose and treat your cat, your veterinarian usually conducts diagnostic tests on the blood, skin, trial medication, and diet.

 

2. Pain

Over-grooming can also sign that your cat is suffering from pain or discomfort, especially if they are repeatedly licking one area of their body.

A cat yawning

 

For example, disc disease can cause back pain, thus cat over-groom a particular spot on their back. Another example is if a cat has a urinary tract infection or anal sac impaction, it may lead to excessive grooming of the genital area.

 

3. Stress or Boredom

Some cats tend to over-groom as a way to distract themselves and cope up with stress or boredom. Veterinarians believe that when a cat licks herself, it results in endorphin secretion by their brain that helps relieve anxiety. If a stressed cat finds relief in licking, it can turn into a habit.

Bored cat

 

Cats are highly intelligent creatures and are also prone to boredom if their daily routine lacks proper stimulation and enrichment. An indoor cat with nothing much to do is more likely to adapt to over-grooming. In these cases, grooming makes up for the lack of mental and physical stimulation.

 

4. Psychogenic Alopecia

If your vet cannot find the underlying medical or environmental cause, your cat may be having psychogenic alopecia, a compulsive grooming disorder usually brought on by stress or anxiety. 

 

We recently talked about how cats find self-grooming comforting; if they perceived a threat, they often groom themselves to feel calm if they encounter a sudden conflict or a sudden change in environment. 

A cat licking her paw

 

In most instances, the behavior will cease once the threat has disappeared. However, if the cat continues to lick and groom compulsively, the action has likely become compulsive and challenging for your cat to control even once the threat has gone. 

 

While psychogenic alopecia is not life-threatening, it may be symptomatic of an overly stressed or anxious animal, so it’s important to seek effective treatment.

 

How to Stop Your Cat From Over-grooming?

The most important thing when handling excessive grooming is to address the cause. Your veterinarian can diagnose the cause and provide medical treatment or suggestions to discourage the habit if it’s behavioral or medical.

 

1. Take Your Cat to the Vet

Your veterinarian will rule out any medical problems your cat may be having. Infections or allergies can be treated with appropriate medications, such as antibiotics, antihistamines, or anti-inflammatory drugs.

 

Keep your cat on flea medication regularly to help with flea allergies and ear mites. If your cat is in pain, your vet can determine its cause and manage it. 

 

2. Provide Mental and Physical Stimulation

Be sure to provide environmental enrichment for your cat by using various toys, scratching posts, and frequent play opportunities. Playing provides vital mental stimulation for your kitty by allowing her to exercise her cognitive and motor skills. This will help your cat build confidence and distraction from obsessively grooming.

A cat with a woolly toy

 

3. Use Cat Calming Medications and Products 

Cats that are diagnosed with general anxiety may benefit from anti-anxiety medications and supplements that are to be prescribed by your veterinarian. Supplements are usually in the form of cat treats, so you will not have any problem administering it to your cat.

Cat getting a treat

 

You can also try diffusers that disperse synthetic cat pheromones that will mimic the pheromone released by mother cats while nursing kittens. You can learn more about cat anxiety and how to calm them with our previous article.

 

5 Steps To Prevent Over-grooming

Prevention is better than cure, and as we all know, preventing illness can save us lots of money. There are specific activities and guidelines to follow to ensure that you create a comforting, stress-free environment to help them feel more relaxed, and in the long run, prevent from developing over-grooming.

 

1. Know that cats can get stressed out easily.

Cats are habitual creatures, and anything that disrupts their daily routine or makes them feel vulnerable can lead to stress. Similar to humans, cats need peace and calm whenever they feel stressed.

Cat sleeping on a bed

 

Put yourself in your furbaby’s perspective and find out what might be stressing them out, such as loud volume from the TV, screaming children, or noisy appliances like a vacuum cleaner. 

 

2. Pamper your cat for ultimate relaxation.

Make your home as cat-friendly as possible, and remember that they love lots of affection. Cats work best on a daily routine to help them feel more secure and in control. Setting consistent times for food and playtime with your cat will help keep them happy. 

 

Make sure your cat has a dedicated place to call as their own such as a cat bed or a corner of a room where less disturbance happens. Many pet parents know that a cat will claim spots for itself, which might be your favorite chair, computer, or pillow. But if you have made them familiar with their own space, this will not be a problem.

A cat laying on its back sleeping

 

You should also ensure that you provide your cat with their everyday needs such as fresh water, food, a litter box, scratching posts, toys, treats, and plenty of cozy places to sleep.

 

3. Lessen or Remove the Trigger

Certain events such as moving, decorating, or introducing a new pet or a new family member can trigger your cat’s stress. 

 

If you’re introducing changes around your home, then try and carry these out little by little. If you’ve just moved to a new house, it’s best to keep your kitty in one room for a while containing all their necessities before letting them familiarize themselves with the rest of the house.A cat being petted

 

If your cat develops separation anxiety and you are worried about leaving them alone for quite some time, it is a must that there is someone that could keep an eye on them to avoid any incidents. It can be your neighbor, your relative, or a professional cat sitter.

 

Here in FursnPaws, it will be our pleasure to keep an eye on your feline companion. We are at your service to keep your mind in peace by providing all the necessities for your cat, such as water, playtime, and tender loving care. We will give you timely updates regarding your cat’s behavior and pictures of them having fun.

 

You can check FursnPaws testimonials on my Facebook page, website, or Instagram stories. Also, our first meet up plays a significant role, as this is where you will get to know me better, to see me with your pet for the first time, and to decide if you would like to proceed or not.

 

4. Avoid Negative Reinforcements

You should never punish your cat for their over-grooming behavior as this will only create more stress for them, and later on, can damage your bond. If you notice your cat overgrooming, try to distract them by encouraging them to play with you. This will help relieve any stress they are feeling, and at the same time, strengthen your bond.A cat being stroked by owner

 

5. Lastly, Tender Loving Care!

Give them tender, loving care that they deserve. Show some TLC through interacting with them consistently and respond to their needs. A cat will stay happy with an ethical and responsible cat parent.

A cat sleeping in its owner's lap

 

Remember that grooming is an essential behavior for your cat, but you’ll need to distinguish if they show signs of overgrooming to ensure that your cat’s grooming doesn’t get out of hand. Do you have any other tips you can share with our pet parent community on how to stop your cat from over-grooming? Comment down below!